Major Depressive Disorder
Major Depressive Disorder, also referred to as major depression, clinical depression, or unipolar depression is categorized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV TR) as a mood disorder. Common features of major depressive disorder include an overall low mood, the loss of interest in things that would usually provide pleasure, poor concentration, diminshed self-esteem, interruptions in usual sleep patterns, and often suicidal ideation. The etiology of major depressive disorder can come from a multitude of factors including genetic preexisting vulnerability, psychological, and social factors.
The majority of patients with body dysmorphic disorder either have had an episode of major depressive disorder or enter treatment clinically depressed. Whether or not the depression is caused by the body dysmorphic disorder or exists as a separate entity, it needs to be addressed in treatment. All staff members of the Los Angeles BDD & Body Image Clinic are very experienced working with individuals who are experiencing major depression along with body image symptoms.