Body Integrity Identity Disorder
Body Integrity Identity Disorder, also referred to as BIID, is a psychiatric condition in which an individual experiences an overwhelming desire to amputate an otherwise healthy limb or other parts of their body. Individuals with BIID yearn to have their bodies physically match the idealized image they have of themselves. Some of the common symptoms of body integrity identity disorder include feelings of jealousy when seeing amputees, firm ideas regarding which part of the body should be amputated, feelings of not being complete, frequent episodes of depression, and excessive shame regarding having these thoughts. As a result of the pervasive shame component, many individuals never disclose their preoccupation to friends, family members, or even their mental health practitioners. Sometimes these individuals attempt to achieve their idealized image of themselves by self-surgeries or by implementing "accidents"; where by a body part is damaged to a degree in which a surgeon would have to remove it to prevent further damage to the individual. It is currently not known how many people suffer from this condition, but men seem to be affected by BIID more frequently than women. Body integrity identity disorder is not the same as apotemnophilia and acrotomophilia. Apotemnophilia is defined as a condition characterized by sexual arousal or attainment of an orgasm being oneself an amputee. Acrotomophilia is a condition of sexual arousal being contingent upon having an amputee partner or fantasizing about an amputee.