Related and Co-morbid Disorders

Treatment of co-mordid psychiatric, psychological & emotional conditions are the standard of care when treating body dysmorphic disorder. Conditions that frequently co-occur with BDD and that we regularly treat include:

  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) - Characterized by individuals who are plagued by persistent, disturbing, and intrusive thoughts, better known as obsessions, which in turn create anxiety. A behavior, also known as a ritual or compulsion, is then performed in an attempt to decrease the anxiety.
  • Muscle Dysmorphia - A disorder in which a person becomes excessively preoccupied with the size and shape of their body and the belief that they are not muscular enough.
  • Social Phobia (Social Anxiety Disorder) - Characterized by a blatant and persisent fear of social or performance situations in which embarrassment may occur.
  • Major Depressive Disorder - A mental disorder characterized by an all-encompassing low mood and decrease in self-esteem.
  • Dermatillomania (Compulsive Skin Picking) - Characterized by a recurrent and often uncontrollable urge to repetitively pick at one's skin, frequently but not exclusively that being the facial skin.
  • Substance Use Disorders - Addiction medicine services are provided to clients who have an addictive disorder in addition to a diagnosis of body dysmorphic disorder.
  • Personality Disorders - The staff of the Los Angeles Body Dysmorphic Disorder & Body Image Clinic have become proficient in the diagnosis and treatment of what is known as the personality disorders. It is not uncommon that individuals who suffer from a body image disturbance also exhibit symptoms of very rigid personality traits. These inflexible personality traits need to be addressed in treatment; with out doing so, the treatment of the body image disorder is often compromised.
  • Olfactory Reference Syndrome (ORS) - Characterized by a persistent concern and intrusive thoughts that one may be emitting a foul or unpleasant odor.
  • Hypochondriasis - Characterized by a preoccupation and fear that the individual may have or might get a serious disease.
  • Trichotillomania - Characterized by the recurrent and often uncontrollable pulling out of one's own hair, frequently resulting in noticeable hair loss.
  • Shy Bladder Syndrome (Paruresis) - Characterized by excessive shame and anxiety when urinating in a public restroom.
  • Koro - Characterized by an episode of intense anxiety that a man's penis will recede into his body and possibly cause death.

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